is an electroshock weapon sold by Taser International.
On July 27, 2009 Taser International released a new type of Taser called the X3, which can fire three shots before reloading.
It holds three new type cartridges, which are much thinner than the previous model.
The cartridge contains a pair of electrodes and propellant for a single shot (or three shots in the X3 model) and is replaced after each use.
In 1993, Rick Smith and his brother Thomas began to investigate what they called "safer use of force option[s] for citizens and law enforcement".
At their Scottsdale, Arizona, facilities, the brothers worked with the "...original Taser inventor, Jack Cover" to develop a "non-firearm Taser electronic control device". firearms regulator, the ATF, stated that the Air Taser was not a firearm.
The 1994 Air Taser Model 34000 had an "anti-felon identification (AFID) system" to prevent the likelihood that the device would be used by criminals; upon use, it released many small pieces of paper containing the serial number of the Taser device. In 1999, Taser International developed an "...ergonomically handgun-shaped device called the Advanced Taser M-series systems", which used a "...patented neuromuscular incapacitation (NMI) technology".
In May 2003, Taser International released a new weapon called the Taser X26, which used "shaped pulse technology".
Tasers were introduced as non-lethal weapons for police to use to subdue fleeing, belligerent, or potentially dangerous people, who would have otherwise been subjected to more lethal weapons such as firearms.
A 2009 Police Executive Research Forum study said that officer injuries drop by 76% when a Taser is used.