The Naryn region in central Kyrgyzstan is relatively isolated, and it is here that the Kyrgyz culture is most "pure." Demography.
In 1998 the population of Kyrgyzstan was estimated at more than 4.5 million.
The Kyrgyz people originated in the Siberian region of the Yenisey Valley and traveled to the area of modern-day Kyrgyzstan in response to pressure from the Mongols.
The Kyrgyz people believe that their name means kirkkyz, (forty girls), and that they are descended from forty tribes.
Today the majority of Kyrgyz people live in the Kyrgyz Republic, also known as Kyrgyzstan, but there are large populations living in China, Afghanistan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan.
The valleys are densely populated along the few paved roads.
The capital, Bishkek, is in the north, near the Kazak border, where it was known as Frunze during the Soviet era.
The country is divided into north and south by mountain ranges.Northern culture has been influenced by Russians, while southern culture has absorbed Uzbek traditions.Kyrgyzstan was formerly the Kirghiz Soviet Socialist Republic, or Kirghizia. Kyrgyzstan has an area of 76,500 square miles (198,500 square kilometers).Its neighbors are China to the southeast, Kazakstan to the north, Tajikistan to the southwest, and Uzbekistan to the northwest.In addition, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan control two enclaves each within Kyrgyzstan's borders in the southern part of the country.Ninety-four percent of the land is mountainous, and only 20 percent of the land is arable.