It has established courts to conduct trials of the accused and sen¬tence criminals. The Criminal Investigation Department consists of about 1.500 detectives, of which 1.300 do ordinary detective work. D., which operate on a nation wide scale are the following: 1.
field operations (patrol, investigation, traffic, youth divisions, special op¬erations, etc.); 2. I.) The most famous Federal Government Agency in the U.
administrative services (community rela¬tions, planning, etc.); 3.
technical services (communications, records, etc.); 4. inspectional services (internal affairs, in¬telligence, etc.).
Any state has an established system of law, procedures and punishments to guarantee social order.
Like other societies, America has a criminal justice system to enforce the laws pro¬tecting individuals and the entire society.
The system operates by identifying, apprehending, prosecuting, convicting and sen¬tencing people who violate the laws of the nation and of its various states.
The society has given its police the powers to patrol the streets, prevent crime, and arrest suspected criminals. It was used by Scottish kings and their ambassadors when they visited London.
The Force is controlled by the Commissioner of Police of Metropolitan under the general directions of the Home Secre¬tary. The federal law enforcement system includes such well-known agencies as the Federal Bureau of Investigation, National Park Service, Border Patrol, U. At the level of local government the police agencies are the largest law enforcement group. As the organization grew, its records and files expanded and criminal records and fingerprint collections were transferred from other authorities with the approval of Con¬gress. Training Schools for Special Agents were set up in Washing¬ton to instruct them in modern crime detection methods.
The Metropolitan Police District is divided into four Dis¬tricts. The twenty three Divisions are divided into sub-Divisions, and a sub-Division is split into sectional police stations un¬der the control of a Station Officer, who is usually a Ser¬geant . There are a number of specialist branches in the Force such as the Mounted Branch, the Dog Branch, the River Police, the Women Police and others. These agencies include mu¬nicipal (or city ) police, county sheriff's offices, constables and village police departments.
The Metropolitan Police is divided into two main branches -the Criminal Investigation Department (the C. The names of the ranks in the English Police system are as follows: the patrolman is called a constable, then follow ser¬geant (2 grades), inspector (2 grades), and superintendent (2 grades). The main goals of policing include the prevention of crime and disorder, the preservation of the peace, the apprehension of offenders, the recovery of lost or stolen property, and the protection of life, property, and personal liberties. Though Scotland Yard is in fact the head-quarters of the Metropolitan Police Forces, the name is almost always associ¬ated with the Criminal Investigation Department (the C. Municipal police departments, which are the heart of the entire police system, have their own organizations with several different divisions, each with specific functions.
In most departments there are four major divisions: 1.