Population: Pskov is one of the oldest cities in Russia.
Pskov's independence was formally recognized by Novgorod in 1348.
Several years later, the veche promulgated a law code (called the Pskov Charter), which was one of the principal sources of the all-Russian law code issued in 1497.
For Russia, the Pskov Republic was a bridge towards Europe; for Europe, it was a western outpost of Russia.
Having fortified the town, Daumantas routed the Teutonic Knights at Rakvere and overran much of Estonia.
His remains and sword are preserved in the local kremlin, and the core of the citadel, erected by him, still bears the name of "Dovmont's town".
By the 14th century, the town functioned as the capital of a de facto sovereign republic.Its most powerful force was the merchants who brought the town into the Hanseatic League.Once imprisoned by his brother Yaroslav, he was not released until the latter's death several decades later.In the 12th and 13th centuries, the town adhered politically to the Novgorod Republic.In 1241, it was taken by the Teutonic Knights, but Alexander Nevsky recaptured it several months later during a legendary campaign dramatized in Sergei Eisenstein's 1938 movie.In order to secure their independence from the knights, the Pskovians elected a Lithuanian prince, named Daumantas, a Roman Catholic converted to Orthodox faith and known in Russia as Dovmont, as their military leader and prince in 1266.